Private Letter Ruling
Organization's Set-Aside Approved
Organization requested approval of a set-aside. Organization plans to set aside a specific dollar amount for C, which is a government entity. C plans to restore a property that is on the National Register of Historic Places. Organization has entered into an agreement with C whereby Organization will make a matching grant to fund one-third of the estimated cost of the restoration project. The remaining two-thirds is expected to be funded by donations and grants to C. Organization hopes that its grant will stimulate community support for the project through the matching grant program.
Under Sec. 4942(g)(2)(A), an amount set aside for a specific project which includes one or more purposes described in Sec. 170(c)(2)(B) may be treated as a qualifying contribution if it meets the Sec. 4942(g)(2)(B) requirements. An amount set aside for a specific project may be treated as a qualifying distribution if the amount will be paid within five years and if either Sec. 4942(g)(2)(B)(i) or Sec. 4942(g)(2)(B)(ii) is satisfied. Section 4942(g)(2)(B)(i) is satisfied if the private foundation establishes that the project can be better accomplished using the set-aside than by making an immediate payment. Regulation 53.4942(a)-3(b)(1) states that the private foundation may establish that the project is better accomplished by the set-aside if it satisfies a suitability test found in Reg. 53.4942(a)-3(b)(2). Projects passing this test are those which require long-term expenditures of more than one year's income. Here, the Service determined that the set-aside met the requirements of Sec. 4942(g)(2) and approved Organization's request.
Dear * * *:
Why you are receiving this letter
This is our response to your August 23, 2019 letter requesting approval of a set-aside under Internal Revenue Code Section 4942(g)(2). You've been recognized as tax-exempt under Section 501(c)(3) of the Code and have been determined to be a private foundation under Section 509(a).
Based on the information furnished, your set-aside program is approved under Internal Revenue Code Section 4942(g)(2). As required under Section 4942(g)(2), the set aside amount must be paid within the 60-month period after the date of the first set-aside.
Description of set-aside request
You were incorporated in the state of B. You wish to set aside a grant totaling t dollars for C. C is a governmental unit as described in Section 170(c)(1) of the Code. C has proposed a restoration project to, among other things, restore the D consistent with the historic preservation standards, make safety improvements, and make heating and cooling improvements that will not result in deterioration to the D (the "Project"). The D is included on the National Register of Historic Places. The total cost of the Project is estimated to be approximately u dollars. Once completed, the Project will result in a restored and improved D that will positively impact the community's perception of their beloved D. The purpose of the grant is to assist in funding the Project.
You have entered into an Agreement with C. Pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, you will make a matching grant of t dollars to fund one-third of the estimated cost of the Project. It is anticipated that the remaining two-thirds of the cost of the Project will be funded by donations and grants made to C as a result of fundraising activities undertaken by C in response to their matching grant challenge.
The Project can be better accomplished by use of a set-aside. The purpose of the grant requires the use of a matching-grant program and the preservation of control over the long-term project, both of which can be better accomplished by use of a set-aside. Regarding the matching-grant program, you believe that the program is necessary to stimulate grants to C from the community-at-large. You believe that, due to the extent and cost of the rehabilitation and restoration needed for the D, grants from the community-at-large must form an essential and significant part of the Project funding. Through your matching-grant program, you hope to encourage other donors to support the Project. The approximate three-year period provided in the Agreement to raise the necessary matching funds has been mutually agreed by you and C as allowing sufficient time for C to complete its anticipated capital campaign for the Project.
Under the terms of the Agreement, if C raises the matching funds and satisfies certain other conditions of the Agreement, you will disburse the funds to C in a lump sum within 21 business days after satisfaction of these conditions. Upon receipt of the funds from you, C will deposit the funds in a separate interest-bearing account (the "Project Account"). Subject to the satisfaction of all of the conditions set forth in the Agreement, C may make disbursements from the Project Account to pay reimbursable costs of the Project, provided that, unless otherwise agreed by you, disbursements from the Project Account are limited to one-third of the total reimbursable costs incurred in connection with the Project to the date of disbursement. The Agreement further specifies that C must use your gift solely for "reimbursable costs" incurred in connection with the Project and for no other purpose.
The payment must be made to C no later than E, which is less than 60 months from the date of the set-aside.
Basis for our determination
Internal Revenue Code Section 4942(g)(2)(A) states that an amount set aside for a specific project, which includes one or more purposes described in Section 170(c)(2)(B), may be treated as a qualifying distribution if it meets the requirements of Section 4942(g)(2)(B).
Section 4942(g)(2)(B) of the Code states that an amount set aside for a specific project will meet the requirements of this subparagraph if, at the time of the set-aside, the foundation establishes that the amount will be paid within five years and either clause (i) or (ii) are satisfied.
Section 4942(g)(2)(B)(i) of the Code is satisfied if, at the time of the set-aside, the private foundation establishes that the project can better be accomplished using the set-aside than by making an immediate payment.
Section 53.4942(a)-3(b)(1) of the Foundations and Similar Excise Taxes Regulations provides that a private foundation may establish a project as better accomplished by a set-aside than by immediate payment if the set-aside satisfies the suitability test described in Section 53.4942(a)-3(b)(2).
Section 53.4942(a)-3(b)(2) of the Foundations and Similar Excise Taxes Regulations provides that specific projects better accomplished using a set-aside include, but are not limited to, projects where relatively long-term expenditures must be made requiring more than one year's income to assure their continuity.
In Revenue Ruling 74-450, 1974-2 C.B. 388, an operating foundation converted a portion of newly acquired land into a public park under a four-year construction contract. The construction contract payments were to be made mainly during the final two years. This constituted a "specific project." The foundation's set-aside of all its excess earnings for four years was treated as a qualifying distribution under Internal Revenue Code Section 4942(g)(2).
What you must do
Your approved set-aside(s) will be documented on your records as pledges or obligations to be paid by the date specified. The amounts set aside will be taken into account to determine your minimum investment return under Internal Revenue Code Section 4942(e)(1)(A), and the income attributable to your set aside(s) will also be taken into account in computing your adjusted net income under Section 4942(f) of the Code.
This determination is directed only to the organization that requested it. Internal Revenue Code Section 6110(k)(3) provides that it may not be used or cited as a precedent.
Please keep a copy of this letter in your records. We have sent a copy of this letter to your representative as indicated in your power of attorney.
If you have any questions, please contact the person listed in the heading of this letter.
Stephen A. Martin
Director, Exempt Organizations
Rulings and Agreements